What is Myofascial Pain due to Trigger Points?
Myofascial pain due to trigger points is a condition that occurs when small areas in the muscle or fascia, called myofascial trigger points, generate pain. If the trigger points cause muscle strain or pain, it can become a condition called myofascial pain syndrome.
What causes Myofascial Pain due to Trigger Points?
Trigger points are tight knots or nodes in a muscle or the connective tissue surrounding a muscle, called fascia. Trigger points may be caused by trauma, injury, or overuse of a muscle. In some cases, the pressure put on the trigger points by surrounding muscle or other structures can cause referred pain, where pain is felt in a different area of the body than the area it originates in.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
The most common symptom of myofascial pain due to trigger points is pain that is persistent or that gets worse. Pain felt due to trigger points varies in severity. Your pain may feel dull and aching or it may feel burning or sharp. A knot may form that is sensitive to touch. Other symptoms may include trouble sleeping due to the pain. Your doctor may diagnose this condition after a review of your medical history and a physical exam. Tests and imaging studies may be used to help confirm the diagnosis and determine the best course of treatment for you.
How is Myofascial Pain due to Trigger Points treated?
Often, conservative treatments may help relieve this condition. Your doctor may recommend different treatment options depending on the severity and location of the pain, its cause, and other factors. Some conservative treatments may include physical therapy, relaxation techniques, pain medication, and trigger point injections.