Don’t miss this article if you want to know the warning signs of a bone infection
What is Osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis is condition where the bone cells or marrow are infected, which can cause the death of tissue in the bone. Treatment of osteomyelitis is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading to other areas in the body. Osteomyelitis in adults generally affects the feet, pelvis, and spine, but in children, it affects the ends of the longer bones in the legs and arms.
What causes Osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis can be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection where microorganisms are able to invade bone tissue by migrating through the bloodstream or nearby tissues. Infection may also occur from trauma or surgical complications. Some people with more compromised immune systems are more likely to get this condition. This can include those with diabetes and those who abuse drugs intravenously.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Symptoms of osteomyelitis can include fever, chills, pain, tenderness, and chronic fatigue. Redness, swelling, and tenderness may also be present, in addition to warmth in the area of infection. Because infection can interrupt the flow of blood to the area, some bone tissue may die and some new growth may occur in the area. In severe cases, an open, draining wound near the infection may be present.
How is Osteomyelitis treated?
Osteomyelitis requires treatment in order to avoid serious complications. Treatment methods may include oral or intravenous administration of antibiotics. In some cases, surgical treatment may be required to clean the infected bone and insert antibiotic-impregnated beads into the area. If the condition is very severe, amputation may be necessary.