Spinal Conditions

  • Low Calcium Intake – Consumption below 300 mg per day (which is equal to one glass of milk) is considered low.
  • Low (or no) Vitamin D in Your Diet – Vitamin D comes from sunlight and foods such as egg yolks, fortified milk and cereals, and some types of fish.
  • High Caffeine Intake – More than two to three cups of caffeinated coffee each day is considered high if you have a low calcium intake.
  • Tobacco Use – This includes current use as well as past use of tobacco.
  • Alcohol Use – More than 7 oz. of alcohol per week can slightly increase the risk of hip fractures.
  • Low Activity – Your activity rate is considered low if you do not walk or exercise regularly.